The very term ‘Venereal Disease’ can often trigger anxiety attacks in men and women alike. But the fact is that despite being considered a stigma or even taboo in many parts of the society, sexually transmitted diseases are more common than what you’d imagine.
In fact, most people do not even realize that they have contracted a sexually transmitted disease until it graduates into a full-blown infection.
Today, we take a look at some of the commonest sexually transmitted diseases in the world, talk about some of the symptoms and the potential cures for each.
Gonorrhea: We are sure you’ve heard about Gonorrhea, which was also called ‘The clap’, derived from an old French term for Brothel. This bacterial infection is among the most common sexually transmitted diseases. In fact, statistics reveal that almost 700,000 new cases are reported each year. Symptoms are so mild that they can go unnoticed for long. In men, the most typical symptom is painful urination, pus discharge from the penis or swollen testicles. In women, there can be increased discharge from the vagina, sore throat and fever. Treatment includes antibiotics and OTC medications.
Hepatitis B: Hepatitis B or HBV is one of the most dangerous sexually transmitted diseases in the world and also one of the commonest ones. The condition is believed to affect more than 1.25 million people in the US alone. Symptoms include a very dull colored poop, loss of appetite, distended stomach, pain in the stomach and jaundice. In extreme cases, it even causes liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. A simple vaccine and a shot of hepatitis B immune globulin is enough to help your body ward off the disease on its own.
Syphilis: Another notoriously famous veneral disease from the olden days. Syphilis, also known as the Pox is a condition that is caused by a bacterial infection. Small sores that are usually painless are breeding spots for the bacterium and unprotected contact with the sores spreads the disease. It can also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy. Some of the common symptoms are, weight loss, joint aches, fever and hair loss. The most common treatment for syphilis is penicillin.
Herpes: Herpes is a viral infection that is transmitted through unprotected contact with sores or lesions that can occur in the mouth or in the genital area. According to the American Sexual Health Association, one in five people in the US may be suffering from the condition. The most common symptom is the sore or lesion which can look like a mild skin rash in the beginning and transform into a painful pustule in the later stages. Treatment is usually done with a combination of an antiviral and an antibiotic. But treatment is not permanent and the condition usually recurs twice or thrice a year.
Chlamydia: We have saved the worst one for last. Chlamydia is transmitted via unprotected sexual contact with an infected partner. However, there can be zero symptoms for up to years after you have contracted the disease. That makes it one of the most easily transmitted STDs in the world. Treatment though is pretty simple with a 7-14 day course of antibiotics.